Infrastructure is crucial for Africa’s development, and for its countries to become more globally competitive. So how is Africa performing in the infrastructure department? The following seven stats illustrate the need for infrastructure investment in Africa.
Access to and efficiency in the use of public services
Reducing ecological footprints and financial fragility
Ensuring resilience against natural and man-made disasters
Infrastructure is crucial for Africa’s development, and for its countries to become more globally competitive. While the demand for infrastructure in Africa is rising, only 4% of the continent’s GDP is invested in this crucial area, compared to China’s 14% investment. According to the African Development Bank, “bridging the infrastructure gap could increase GDP growth by an estimated two percentage points”.
So how is Africa performing in the infrastructure department?
FINDINGS SHOW THAT DESPITE SOME PROGRESS, INFRASTRUCTURE REMAINS AN ENORMOUS CHALLENGE.
Only about half of citizens live in zones with tarred or paved roads.
Sewerage is especially rare, available to less than one in three citizens, and very little progress has been made over the past decade in expanding access to this service.
The exception is cell phone service, which has rapidly increased in recent years and is now available to 93% of Africans.
Availability of infrastructure varies widely by region – with North Africa ranking first and East Africa last on most services – as well as by country.
Rural residents remain particularly disadvantaged; on average, less than half of rural residents have access to electricity, piped water, sewerage, or tarred/paved roads, and urban-rural access gaps within countries range up to 90 percentage points.
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